Peptide Knowledge Center

Composition and structural formula of glutathione

Abstract: Glutathione is an important low molecular carbon alcohol among the antioxidant substances in animal cells, which is composed of three types of compounds. The world famous nutrition and health management expert said that glutathione is more than three times the anti-aging amino acid, known as the natural compound expert. The outer surface is a particulate lens, clear and transparent, easily soluble in water.

The outer surface of glutathione is a particulate lens, clear and transparent, easily soluble in water, dilute alcohol, liquid ammonia and dimethylacetamide, not easily soluble in alcohol, ether and acetone. The chemical properties of solid are basically stable, and the ordinary aqueous solution in the atmosphere is particularly easy to be oxidized into redox-reactive glutathione, which is mainly suitable for bread yeast, wheat germ, animal liver, sheep blood, chicken blood, small tomatoes, pineapple and green melon. Among them, the use of wheat germ and animal liver is quite high, the content of up to 100. ~ 1000mg/100g. It has high antioxidant activity, clearing free radicals, regulating immunity, improving resistance, wrinkling anti-aging, treating cancer, preventing adverse effects of radiation and so on. On the other hand, it can also help white blood cells kill harmful bacteria, avoid vitamin C and E REDOX reaction, and also prevent the formation of brain infarction and cataracts. Finally, glutathione, in addition to being tied to primary carcinogens, can be excreted through the urine.

Active tripeptide compound

Glutathione (GSH) tripeptide compounds are generally made from glutamic acid, cysteine and glycine, which can be reduced by peptide bonds. It's called glutamic acid, cysteine and glycine. The structure of cysteylglycine.  GSH is different from ordinary peptides and proteins. This structural formula has an unusual peptide bond, usually processed from glutamate to γ-carboxyl group (-COOH) has a close relationship with cysteine alpha - a peptide bond made by the contraction of amino -(-NH2).

Composition and structural formula of glutathione

Glutathione formula

C10H17N306S structural formula: 307.32348 Antioxidant activity: It helps to promote the metabolic rate of sugar, fat and protein, improve the discharge of free radicals, protect the synthesis of liver protection, antitoxin, eliminate hormone secretion and so on. Glutathione is generally composed of three types of epidermis: Glutamic acid, cysteine and glycine, cysteine dredding group is its active group (so glutathione is generally called G-SH), the recovery of glutathione skin product (G-SH) and oxidation type (G-S-S-G) two parts, glutathione solid appearance is basically stable, its solution in the air is particularly easy to be oxidized. Oxidized glutathione brain (GSSH) was obtained by the contraction of two structural reduction products glutathione activity into disulfide bond by hydrophobic REDOX reaction.


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